Architectural Design_CAD

  • The Architectural Design/CAD class is an independent study course that will enable the student, through a series of guided exercises and individual projects, to further develop skills and attitudes that they first learned in the Technical Drawing continuum. This course will focus on the basic concepts and methods used to design space. This course can be repeated. Highly recommended for students interested in a career in Architecture, Interior Design or Civil Engineering. Class size is limited to classroom workstations. Available to students in grade 11-12.


    Links to Academic Expectations:

    Students will:

    1. improve communication skills by:
      1. reading information about principles of residential design and technical manuals on operating CAD systems
      2. writing a client description and designing presentations
      3. talking to clients and professionals in the housing industry, including bankers, realtors, contractors, and government officials.
      4. interviewing clients
      5. looking for architectural design features in books, on the web and in their community
    2.  improve problem-solving skills by:
      1. identifying client needs
      2. brainstorming design proposals
      3. developing and critiquing design solutions
    3. improve information literacy by:
      1. researching various architectural styles, standards, and the methods and history of architecture and construction.
      2. interviewing clients to collect information for a design problem
      3. using technical manuals to improve their proficiency with technical systems
      4. researching modeling methods and techniques
    4. improve artistic appreciation and expression by:
      1. completing a presentation on architectural construction methods
      2. designing a residential structure and completing the drawings needed to communicate their design
      3. completing a 3-d model of their design.
    5. use technology by
      1. learning more about the nature of Technology
      2. learning about the relationships between technology and society
      3. applying the design process to architectural challenges
      4. apply the design process in using and maintaining technological systems and products and assessing their impact


    Interdisciplinary Connections:

    CAD/Architecture applies 2D and 3D technical graphic techniques to the process of designing space for human use. Architecture combines knowledge of art, science, math, and history to solving problems related to designing spaces in which people can live and work.

    Examples might include student research on the housing solutions of other cultures and historical eras (social studies), research on alternative construction methods (science), work on increasing skills in different rendering or modeling methods (art).


    Essential Questions:

    1.      What is technology?

    2.      How do we communicate?

    3.      What is design?

    4.      How do we create and modify spaces for specialized use?

    5.      What is a model?

    6.      How do we represent technical information?


    Instructional Units: This year-long course is divided into two main sections. The first two units include basic information on Architectural Design, the third introduces the student to the use of the CAD software, and the third unit revolves around an individualized design assignment. The entire course’s focus is on the following Standards for Technological Literacy. 

    • 8-12 - Design
    • 17 - Information & Communication Technologies
    • 20 - Construction Technologies .  

    1. Introduction  (7)
      1. Architectural styles/ Types of Homes
      2. Careers in Architecture
    2. Design in Architecture
      1. Area Design
        1. Living
        2. Sleeping
        3. Service
      2. Alternative Construction Design
    3. Introduction to CAD
      1. Introduction to CAD techniques
        1. 2 Dimensional geometry manipulation
          1. Drawing walls, windows, doors, etc.
          2. Locating entities
            1. relative v. absolute coordinate systems
            2. Cartesian v. polar coordinate systems
            3. Using a Grid/snap
          3. Entering Text
          4. Verifying Data: Dimensioning techniques
          5. Organizing Data: Working with Layers
          6. Basic Transformations
            1. Moving
            2. Mirroring
            3. Rotation
          7. Creating Templates
          8. Producing Hardcopies
          9. 3 Dimensional geometry manipulation
          10. Rendering Techniques
    4. Individualized projects;
      1. Client interviews/descriptions
      2. Preliminary sketches
      3. Finalize designs/complete drawings and renderings
      4. 3D Modeling Techniques
    Optional assignments for this unit include, but are not limited to:
    • Given a set of design criteria, the student will design a house within specific criteria. The student will be required to research income data, interview a mortgage officer and realtor, and complete research at the county deed office. Other research may include well-drilling and septic system costs and electrical system installation.
    • Using their home, complete a set of measured plans of the house as it currently exists, interview the current owners, and devise a renovation plan for the house for a couple whose children have grown up.
    • Complete the AIANH Architectural Design Challenge 

    Student Outcomes: Students will be able to:

    1. identify appropriate terms & concepts used in Architectural Design
    2. use advanced drafting techniques, design details, and graphic production.
    3. apply visual-communication techniques as a problem-solving tool.
    4. describe objects accurately using the principles of shape & size description.
    5. evaluate communications systems.
    6. plan, schedule and manage a communication activity or project.
    7. safely use a variety of materials and tools that are appropriate to complete a task in communications systems.  


    Methods of Instruction:

    1. Independent project design and problem solving
    2. Guided reading, on-line tutorials, worksheets and note-taking
    3. Applied student research
    4. Individual coaching and demonstrations
    5. Teacher and student-led demonstrations, videos, and guest speakers
    6. Lecture and guided classroom discussion


    Methods of Assessment:

    1. Participation and class discussion.
    2. Performance assessments
      1. Instructor’s observation of safe and proper tool and material use
      2. Achievement of Civic and social standards through demonstrated workplace skills
    3. Portfolio Assessment
      1. Portfolio consists of
        1. Student Notes
        2. Successful completion of assigned projects.
        3. An architectural model of the plans
    1. Student Self Critique and Assessment

    Lesson Extensions:

    1. Independent design or communications projects using technical graphic methods for home or school-based outside assignments /challenges. (output will vary with nature of project)
    2. Readings/research based on Architectural design related subjects.
    3. Field trips/ visitations to related professionals (Realtors, Bankers, Registry of Deeds)
    4. Participation in student extracurricular activities such as Technology Student Association, Destination Imagination
    5. Participation in Unique Programs like AIANH competitions

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